What is Gum Disease?

Periodontitis, also known as gum disease, is an oral infection that initially damages the gums but, if left untreated, can start affecting the teeth and overall health. Gum disease that progresses to damaging the teeth can cause teeth to fall out or become loose. If gum disease is left untreated for too long, it can also cause complications throughout the body, including heart disease, diabetes, weakened immune system, Alzheimer’s, and more. 


Because of the severe impact that gum disease can have on a person’s oral and overall health, it is crucial to maintain good oral hygiene and keep an eye out for any signs of gum disease. Here are some of the initial signs of gum disease:

  • Red & Puffy Gums 
  • Bad Breath
  • Shrinking Gums
  • Wiggly/Missing Teeth
  • Shifting Teeth
  • Receding Gums
  • Bleeding Gums
  • Tooth or Gum Sensitivity
  • Pain while chewing 

How to Prevent Gum Disease

Although gum disease can be very serious and damaging, it is very preventable. The best way to prevent gum disease is to practice good oral hygiene. Good oral hygiene consists of regularly brushing your teeth, once in the morning and once at night before going to bed. Flossing is also an essential factor that helps minimize the risk of getting gum disease. Avoiding smoking, vaping, and consuming sugary foods can also help prevent gum disease because these are all factors that contribute to poor oral health. And lastly, prevent gum disease by visiting your dentist regularly for cleanings. A good rule of thumb is to get regular cleanings every 6 to 12 months. 

Visit Dr. Emma Wu & Associates Dentistry & Aesthetics

If you are experiencing any of the symptoms of gum disease, please contact a dentist right away for treatment before it becomes too severe. Check out all our restorative and cosmetic dentistry services as well to ensure that you have the smile that you’ve always wanted! 


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